Antibiotics also termed as antibacterials, are kind of medications which stops or slow down the growth of bacteria. Anti is a Greek word which means against and the word bios refers to life. It is used in treating infection caused by bacteria. These bacteria are small organisms that will cause illnesses. The term bacteria is the plural form of bacterium. In the past, bacteria can easily multiply and as a result symptoms may occur, the system’s immune system may actually destroy them. The body has white blood cells that destroy the harmful bacteria. The immune system can actually fight off the infection in case symptoms do occur. There are instances that the number is higher and it requires help from antibiotics to destroy it.
Penicillin is the very first antibiotic. Some of the common penicillin – related antibiotics are amoxicillin, benzylpenicillin and ampicillin which is used popularly in treating different types of infections- these antibiotics have been existing for a long time. There are various kinds of modern antibiotic and you can only purchase them if you have a prescription from your physician.
What is Antibiotics Used For?
These antibiotics are used to prevent or fight infections. The antibiotics attack the cells in the body both the bad and good. It is essential to take antibiotics as recommended by your physician and the entire dose should be taken. If you will not complete the prescribed number of antibiotics it will attack the good cells and make your body even more susceptible to another illness or infections. There are also some pro-biotics which does not require a prescription before taking it. It is likewise essential to notice that antibiotics should not be utilized for flu or colds. These diseases are caused by viruses that is not responsive to antibiotics.
These antibiotics are chemicals of natural organic origin which will destroy a particular type of harmful pathogens. These are normally produced by organisms living in the soil. The primary producers of antibiotics are molds cephalosporium and pennicillium as well as the bacterium antinomycetessptromyces. These organisms generate spores, and it is related to the process of antibiotic synthesis and spore-production.
Common Antibiotics side effects?
Some of the common antibiotic side effects include upset stomach, vaginal yeast infections, antibiotic related diarrhea, and allergic reactions. Some antibiotics may cause gastrointestinal symptoms. Proper intake of antibiotics should be followed carefully and can be taken with or without food to have its maximum effect. The stomach might get upset if taken without food.
There are studies that show that antibiotics could cause yeast infections if the drug is used to destroy the good bacteria present in the vagina. Yeast is not a bacteria but a fungus, and is thus not susceptible to antibiotics. Once the normal bacteria are destroyed, yeast is left to multiply without it. Candidiasis is the medical name for this situation.
One of the common side effect related to a particular class of antibiotics is diarrhea. In vaginitis, the normal bacteria present in the colon are destroyed by some broad-spectrum antibiotics. If in case the normal intestinal balance is disturbed, other bacteria multiply, which lead to diarrhea. These symptoms may normally solve as soon as the antibiotic treatment is completed. The allergic reactions may range from simple rashes to anaphylaxis, a medical emergency that may result in obstruction and swelling of the upper airway.
Antibiotics side effects on children?
Children taking antibiotics may experience side effects which may vary from less serious to severe side effects. Your child may experience abdominal cramps or upset stomach. There are lots of children who experience diarrhea while under the medication. This is the most common side effects of antibiotic in children. In most cases, vomiting may occur, and said to be a very common side effect of antibiotics. Even adults experienced this. Swelling of the lips or tongue are some of the external effects.
If you are already weak and take antibiotics the possible side effects on children is fainting. Having normal white patches on the tongue is a side effect that most people ignore. Nausea and fever are the side effects of antibiotics which could be the result of the overuse of antibiotics. Other side effects that children may experience is tendon damage antibiotic. This condition may involve damage in the muscles and bones. There are some instances, that people might have a problem with this.
Antibiotics side effects on men?
Clindamycin is one kind of antibiotic that may cause toxic side effects. Cephalosporin has minimal side effects but are not recommended for individuals who have previous allergic reactions such as urticaria, anaphylaxis and others. Sometimes it may cause vomiting, nausea, digestive disorders. Cephalosporins may cause blood clotting. Penicillins have minimal side effects, however, it may cause diarrhea. These types of antibiotics are avoided during pregnancy. In some instances, it may cause serious allergic reactions such as anaphylactic shock. Having a high temperature or fever is a common thing.
Before taking the antibiotic check the expiry date first. It has been observed that antibiotics may become susceptible to toxicity over a longer period of time. After the expiry date, tetracycline is very toxic. Some of the common side effects as a result of taking tetracyclines are sores on the tongue and mouth, increased risk of sunburn and burning sensation of the stomach. Also antibiotics make the skin more photo sensitivity.
Antibiotics side effects on women?
One of the side effects that most women experienced is vaginal itching, but others might have a vaginal discharge. Not all women taking antibiotics will experience a side effect. There are some who are already taking other medication, and are suffering from other health issues aside from the bacterial infection for which they are taking antibiotics or could have taken antibiotics with the right food item, are most likely to experience the following side effects. There are some men that might experience the same side effects in women.
The most common side effects for both men and women is diarrhea. Most antibiotics lead to indigestion and upset the stomach, gas and soft stools. Vomiting and abdominal cramping will most likely to occur in women. Also, antibiotics may cause an allergic reaction that produces symptoms like difficulty in breathing, dizziness, white colored patches on the tongue, swelling in the face, tongue and lips.
Woman taking antibiotics should be very cautious when using pills as a birth control method. Researchers noticed that oral antibiotics can lower the effect of birth control pills and may treat them useless in some instances. Most women experienced vaginal yeast infection when taking antibiotics. Most of the time this side effect is experienced by woman who are taking tetracycline.
Antibiotics side effects on pregnant women?
The majority of antibiotics are safe to be given during pregnancy particularly if the danger of not curingan infection is higher as compared to treatment. The risk varies depending on the kind of antibiotic taken during pregnancy. The side effects will depend on what antibiotic you take, thus this is something that you need to discuss with your physician. Jaundice is the side effect that antibiotic may cause during pregnancy but this is very rare. Injury to fetal cartilage, discoloration of fetal teeth and injury to fetal joint development are only some of the side effects that a pregnant woman may experience.
Not because these effects have been noted in infants with the use of a particular antibiotics don’t actually mean that they will happen all the time. In case an infection will not be treated using antibiotic which falls in the safest groups for pregnant women, other antibiotic will be used which will effectively cure the infection. Your doctor will cover the probable effects of the antibiotic on the fetus before subjecting the pregnant woman on different types of medication.
Antibiotics side effects on elderly?
There are some distinct facts that pertain to the use of antibiotic in elderly patients which makes aged patients at the danger of having adverse effects. The age associated psychological decline in kidney function, especially if exacerbated by the dangerous renal effects of congestive heart failure, hypertension and kidney function greatly influences the excretion of various antibiotics. This might put elderly to the danger of antibiotic-induced toxicity, which means careful drug choices, including clinical and laboratory monitoring. Most of the time elderly patients have multiple chronic disorders and has given numerous medications. Including antibiotic to the patients daily dosage might pose a risk for a drug interaction.
Particular examples of adverse antibiotic associated events which appear to take place more commonly in the elderly and include the following:
- Aminoglycoside-induced ototoxicityand nephrotoxicity
- Trimethoprims and sulfamethoxazole-induced blood dyscrasias
- Doxycycline associated esophageal ulcers
Acute liver injury that will lead to secondary to extended treatment with clavulanic acid and amoxicillin.