Humira (adalimumab) is an approved TNF or tumor necrosis factor inhibitor in treating rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, psoriatic arthritis, chronic plaque psoriasis, ankylosing spondylitis and polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis. It is used in reducing inflammation and relieve pain in some autoimmune type of diseases. It belongs in a class of medicines known as biologics. For those who are not aware, biologic are medication based on proteins – normally antibodies – that have been derived with DNA technology. Humira is a human monoclonal antibody. These are kinds of proteins which bind and identify to particular proteins.
The term Humira is an acronym which means Human Monoclonal Antibody in Rheumatoid Arthritis. It could be injected with a syringe. It is also available in the preloaded pen device which is injected subcutaneously, normally by the patient at home. The individual’s digestive system would ruin the active ingredient, it should not be taken orally. The person respond to the medication may vary. Some may experience its benefits from day one, while some may have a slower effect and may takes two to three months.
What Humira is used for?
It is a must that you take Humira exactly as instructed by your physician. Using it in larger amount or smaller amount for extended period other than prescribed would result in negative condition. You need to strictly follow the directions as prescribed by your physician. This medication should be used regularly, so it’s best that you monitor your medication and get a refill before you run out of it. Humira is a drug which affects the immune system. It can lessen the capability of your immune system to fight against infections.
Humira is taken in the following conditions:
- Crohn’s disease
- Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
- Psoriasis arthritis
- Plaque psoriasis
- Rheumatoid arthritis
Humira has the ability to lower blood cells which aid in fighting infections and it is also helpful in blood clotting. If you get sick easily when exposed to other sick people or bleed easily from an injury, have your blood tested. It is best if you visit your doctor regularly. While under the Humira medication there could be some serious and fatal infections that may occur. Inform your doctor at once in case you experience some symptoms of infections like sore throat, flu, chills or fever symptoms.
Common Humira side effects?
If in case you experience any signs of an allergic reaction while under the medication of Humira caused by the active ingredient adalimumab contact your doctor at once. Some of the allergic reactions include hives, swelling of your face and throat, swelling of your lips and difficulty in breathing.
Most Humira users might experience the following common side effects swelling, bruising, redness, rash, nausea, upper respiratory infections and itching. There are some that might experience serious side effects and requires immediate attention and also others might not experience any of the side effects mentioned. It actually depends on the response of your body in medication.
There are other side effects that require immediate medical attention and you should be cautious about it. These side effects could range from serious to slightly serious side effects. It does not matter how serious it will be you need to inform your doctor at once.
Humira side effects on children?
There are some children that might experience JIA or Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis. JIA is the term used to describe the group of five types of arthritis in children. It can result to swelling, pain in the joints, inflammation, stiffness and swelling. Children are affected differently, and signs and symptoms may differ on an everyday basis even in the same child. It is very challenging for parents if their child has JIA, but don’t worry there are lots of information about the case that can help you out in helping your child.
Those taking Humira might experience serious infections. Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the serious infection which is caused by fungi, bacteria and viruses that have scattered all over your body. There are some of a number of individuals who have died because of these infections. Your physician should test you for TB before taking Humira, and monitor the signs and symptoms of TB while under medication closely. If in case you exhibit the signs and symptoms of TB, your physician might treat your TB at the same time.
Humira side effects on men?
Humira might lead to possible deadly side effects which includes:
- Optic Neuritis
- Transverse Myelitis
- Multiple sclerosis
The neuropathy side effects in men are a group of disorders which occur if the peripheral nervous system are impaired, this involves the area of the nervous system, which is outside the spinal cord and brain. Normally termed as peripheral neuropathy, it is usually caused by the impaired to the nerve axons. It has a long list of devastating symptoms and side effects. Take notice of the following side effects while taking Humira:
- Fainting or dizziness
- Loss of sensation
- Nausea or indigestion
- Urination problems
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Vaginal dryness in women or erectile dysfunction in men
- Lowered blood pressure
It is essential to bear in mind that neuropathy can affect various areas of the body, although limbs are the most common. The automatic parts, thigh region, and the hip are some of the debilitating kinds of neuropathy, it also includes the focal part like facial and eye muscles.
Humira side effects on women?
Medicines and the possible side effects may affect every individual in various ways. Here are some of the side effects which are known to be related to this medicine. Not because this medicine has side effects it does not necessarily mean that all the Humira user will experience these side effects. Women may have the same effects as men and children may experience but there are some specific side effects that only women would experience.
Some of the common reactions that men, women and children might experience are as follows:
- Reactions at the injection site like pain swelling, itching and redness
- Respiratory tract infections like chest infections, pharyngitis, sinusitis and pneumonia
- Decreased numbers of red blood cells or white blood cells in the blood.
- Level of lipids in the blood increases
- Feeling sick, vomiting and abdominal pain
- Pain in the bones, muscles or joints.
Humira side effects on pregnant women?
There are some medicines which are not allowed to be taken during pregnancy. But, other drugs can be taken safely even for pregnant women, providing more benefits than risks to the infant. It is always best if you discuss things with your doctor especially if you are pregnant or planning to be one before taking the medicine. This medication is under pregnancy category B rating.
Humira’ssafety for pregnant women are yet to be established. It might affect normal immune response and might increase the danger for the baby to suffer from infections after birth. It is not recommended for use in pregnant women.
For women who might get pregnant, you need to consult your doctor and ask for the best contraceptive to prevent pregnancy, both while under medication and for at least 5 months after their last injection. If you feel that you will get pregnant at any time during the medication you need to inform your physician at once.
Humira side effects on elderly?
Elderly taking Humira the possibility of having lymphoma or other type of cancers increases. There is some type of cancer’s in adults making use of TNF blockers. Some individuals may develop a rare type of cancer known as hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma. This kind of cancer most of the time leads to death. If you are using TNF blockers like Humira, your possibility of getting two kinds of skin cancer might increase. These sorts are usually not life-threatening once treated, inform your doctor if you have an open sore or bump which does not heal.
Contact your doctor at once if you experience any of the following unusual symptoms:
- Weight loss
- Unusual fatigue
- Decreased appetite
- Enlarged lymph node
- Night sweats
The symptoms and signs of lymphoma may differ depending on the severity of the disease and the areas of the body involved.