This is a nutritional element also called nicotinic acid and is essential for human health.
The recommended daily dosage of niacin for a normal adult is within the 13-17 milligram range. It is a safe nutrient when used appropriately within the normal dosages.
Moreover, Niacin is an essential form of vitamin B present in foods such as red meat, beans, fish, carrots and green vegetables.
It is available as a tablet or capsule in both regular and timed-release forms. The timed-release tablets and capsules might entail lesser side effects than regular niacin. Nevertheless, the timed-release versions are more likely to result in liver damage.
Due to the potential side effects and interactions with medications, you should take Niacin only under the strict supervision of a doctor or health care provider.
Food sources such as asparagus, broccoli, dates, chicken, eggs, fish, leafy vegetables, carrots, milk, mushrooms, pasta, whole wheat bread, tomatoes and yeast extracts are known to be essential sources of Niacin.
What is Niacin used for?
An essential and regular use of niacin is to support and encourage the development and production of energy in the body for physical activity.
As proposed by experts, Niacin is effective in lowering cholesterol levels within your body which can protect your heart. It also enables protection against several cardiovascular diseases and it further supports effective cognitive function and ensures the functioning of the digestive tract.
Niacin is also frequently used to cure atherosclerosis (a form of coronary heart disease). Furthermore, Niacin therapy is used to cure arthritis and mental disorders such as schizophrenia and dementia.
Population studies reveal that people who include higher levels of niacin in their diet face a lower possibility of experiencing Alzheimer’s disease.
It is an essential nutrient for circulation and nerve functioning inside the human body by producing various hormones. It aids the working of your digestive system, and ensures that your skin and nerves are working in a proper manner. It also works with the other B vitamins to metabolize the food you eat. This is extremely crucial for the development and maintenance of your nervous system.
Common Niacin side effects
Excessive amounts of Niacin consumption through food do not cause negative side effects. However, taking pharmacy-prepared supplements of Niacin in excessive amounts bring about several side effects.
Excessive intake of Niacin leads to rapid heartbeats or pulse rates. Also, it can cause skin flushing or itching, particularly on your chest and face, which is severely discomforting. And can distract people from their everyday tasks.
Furthermore, excessive Niacin supplement intake can also cause vomiting and people who take this medication can become nauseous often. If you are generally susceptible to nausea, this can result in vomiting or retching. Moreover, abdominal pains are also experienced alongside other gastrointestinal problems. Extra amounts of Niacin in the body can also cause damage to the liver as well as peptic ulcers.
High doses of niacin can be toxic. You must refrain from taking doses higher than that prescribed by your doctor or healthcare provider or else you are likely to experience headaches, dizziness and blurred vision.
Niacin side effects on children
Children taking Niacin may experience signs of a very bad reaction which include wheezing, chest tightness, itching, fever, bad cough, skin colour changing to blue, seizures, and swelling of face, lips or throat.
Children might lose their appetite, gets a rash or have yellowing under their skin and eyes. Furthermore, they may have bruises or persistent bleeding. In such circumstances, you should consult the doctor or healthcare provider almost immediately.
If the child cannot take the tablet then crush the tablet and mix it with a teaspoon of water then give this mixture with spoon.
Niacin side effects on men
Large amounts of niacin may lead to gout. One may suddenly experience intense pain in his toe.
Niacin can cause liver problems, particularly when high doses are taken. This entails the need for your healthcare provider to continuously check liver problems by running blood tests frequently.
Men are more likely to experience flu-like symptoms and rashes or flushed skin. It can also increase glucose levels in diabetes which proves to be a proposed threat.
Niacin side effects on women
Niacin can trigger bleeding when interacting with certain drugs.
Women experience more conditions of nausea, vomiting, lack of energy and rash.
Extremely high intakes of Niacin can also cause Niacin Maculopathy. This embodies a thickening of the macula and retina, consequently leading to blurred vision and blindness. This maculopathy is possibly reversible after ceasing the intake of Niacin.
If you are going through a surgery, Niacin may interfere with blood sugar control during and after surgery. Therefore, you must stop taking Niacin at least two weeks before you are about to undergo a surgery.
Niacin side effects on pregnant women
Small doses of Niacin are considered to be safe for pregnant women since not many studies have been carried out on high intakes of Niacin and pregnancy.
Usually, it is recommendable that women who take niacin for low or high levels of cholesterol should cease the intake of high-dose niacin therapy once they know they are pregnant. For women who use high-dose niacin, a better option is to continue using Niacin, since pregnancy may make the state of high triglycerides even worse and can result in an increase in the risk of pancreatic because of high triglycerides. Doctors or relevant healthcare providers can provide assistance in deciding if one should continue using Niacin when pregnant.
It is not known as yet whether or not Niacin is excreted into breast milk. Certain studies indicate that it may be excreted into breast milk in little amounts. However, due to the possibility of adverse reactions to occur in nursing infants, it is recommended to discontinue nursing if you are taking the drug or else you must discontinue using this medication.
Niacin intake at doses used in lowering cholesterol has been associated with birth defects in laboratory animals, proposing possible consequences for infant development in pregnant women.
Niacin side effects on elderly
The intake of Niacin might increase blood sugar levels, posing a threat for the elderly who face a problem of diabetes.
Furthermore, Niacin might accumulate in the body of the elderly who are experiencing a kidney disease. This can cause severe harm to the body.
When it comes to elderly individuals they are more sensitive to side effects of most drugs.
Some side effects may need immediate attention matter depending on the age of the patient.