This substance was made by fermenting a particular type of red yeast popularly known as Monascuspurpureus. This red yeast rice is used in China as a preservative, food coloring and spice. It is used to provide Peking duck its features red color and can also be used in fish paste, rice wine and fish sauce. It is used in conventional Chinese medicine as a treatment for indigestion, diarrhea and poor circulation. It has naturally-occurring substances known as monacolins. The type of monocolins known as lovastatin is said to be transformed in the body to an ingredient which prevents HMG-CoA reductase, this enzyme which generates the production of cholesterol. This is the how the common statin medications function. Due to this action, the red yeast rice products have a higher content of manocolins that have been produced and promoted as anorganic product to reduce cholesterol.
What is Red Yeast Rice used for?
It has been utilized for many years now as an Asian main dietary, an organic coloring for food and a conventional Chinese remedy. Currently, it has become popular due to its cholesterol lowering properties. This is consumed like an ordinary rice in Asian communities. It is likewise used as a coloring various type of food which include Asian alcohols, Peking duck and pickled dishes. Way back in Tang Dynasty in 800 AD this red yeast rice is used to help in improving blood circulation and indigestion. It has been proven several times that this product can lower cholesterol. Together with fish oil and some changes in lifestyle, red yeast can lower cholesterol as compared to statin medicines, the common medication use in treating high cholesterol. Other studies show that red yeast rice can promote bone formation, provide cardiovascular benefits and counteract diabetes.
Common Red Yeast Rice Side Effects
Some of the common side effects of red yeast rice are usually minor and may not cause any discomfort. But the most popular side effects known include stomach ache, heartburn, headache, bloating gas, heartburn, and dizziness. Liver damage is one of the possible risks associated with using red yeast rice. Some of the symptoms associated with liver damage include jaundice, dark urine, increased liver enzymes in laboratory tests. This can also cause hepatitis. Also the doctor’s mentioned that nutritional supplements exempt from the US FDA labeling and inspection of the ingredients could be not accurate.
One of the common side effects also include muscle aches, pain and tenderness which might show muscle myopathy, muscle weakness resulted from dysfunction of the muscle fiber and could be present while consuming red yeast rice. Also, some patients may have an elevated creatinine phosphokinase an enzyme which is commonly found in the heart, skeletal muscle and brain during laboratory testing.
Red Yeast Rice Side Effects on Children
The side effects of red yeast rice on children are normally mild. It could cause upset stomach and headaches. There is no known long-term safety of the red yeast rice. Because red yeast rice is naturally occurring substance that are the same with statin medications, the side effects are the same which includes liver injury and muscle pain. Do not drink this substance if you are utilizing statins, medications which suppress the immune system, protease inhibitors, certain antibiotics, or antifungal drugs. Those who individuals who are using red yeast rice must avoid grapefruits and similar items. Likewise, if you are taking red yeast rice make sure that you will not take alcoholic drinks more than two times a day since it will harm your liver.
Those with liver disease, allergies to yeastor fungus or with liver disease should not use this substance. Those with very high cholesterol, high risk of heart attack, diabetes or stroke may also require a more stronger prescription drug such as statin rather than red yeast rice.
Red Yeast Rice Side Effects on Men
Since red yeast rice are usually well tolerated with some potential temporary mild side effects like gas, dizziness and heartburn this product should not be utilized by individuals with liver disorders. Joint pain and muscle weakness normally occur in man taking red yeast rice. Since men were taking different prescription drugs, it was not obvious whether the symptoms were caused by the red yeast rice. This side effect must be taken seriously since muscle concerns are popular adverse effects of HMG CoA-reductase inhibitors. But, the occurrence of side effects is much lower as compared with statin drugs. Some of the side effects that men may experience include abdominal discomfort, nausea, dizziness, bloating, diarrhea, stomach ache, decreased appetite, heartburn, and flatulence. Thus, because of this the medicine can most of the time contain greater concentrations of the statin-like monacolin components. This might include myopathy and elevated liver enzymes.
Red Yeast Rice Side Effects on Women
Taking red yeast rice could be dangerous for those who have liver disease. It could be very dangerous if taken together with alcohol and would lead to possible liver failure or damage if taken regularly. Symptoms which this substance has affected the liver negatively that causing the skin to become yellowish, increase in liver enzymes and darker urine as compared to the usual urine. Since this product is very useful in reducing cholesterol levels, taking it together with cholesterol reducing drugs might be very dangerous. It might lead to a condition known as rhabdomyolysis that result in breaking down of the skeletal muscle tissue. This will result in kidney failure. It is thus recommended that those with kidney disease should avoid items with red yeast rice. Also some red yeast rice substance may have citrinin in its ingredient that is harmful to the kidneys.
Red Yeast Rice Side Effects on Pregnant Women
The prescription drugs which has the active cholesterol-lowering substance that can be seen in red yeast rice has been categorized as Class X drug with regards to pregnant women. This implies that researches in humans or animals have shown fetal deformities and might cause human fetal harm. Also, researchers have shown that monacolin K can pass into the breast milk. Thus, nursing and pregnant women are recommended to stop using this medicine. Since red yeast rice has the similar ingredient, it is anticipated that red yeast rice would have the similar effects and must likewise be avoided by nursing and pregnant women. Red yeast rice items are not allowed for pregnant women or those who are thinking of getting pregnant. Due to the damage that this substance might cause to its internal organs, it could be dangerous to the unborn infant. Its effect on breast milk is not yet known.
Red Yeast Rice Side Effects on Elderly
Red yeast rice used in China for many years has been used both as a medicinal substance and food. At present, it has been known that red yeast rice are substance that is similar to prescription medications which lower cholesterol. It contains the Monascuspurpureus. It also has mevinolin which is known as naturally occurring statin. This product is safe to utilize in the short term at the suggested dosage. Researches monitoring liver function notice that there is no change with the use of the supplement. The elderly taking the medicine may experience the following symptoms of an allergic reaction: swelling of your face, throat or tongue,difficulty in breathing, or hives. If you have the above-mentioned reaction stop using the red yeast rice and contact your doctor right away. Some elderly might experience some serious adverse effects like muscle tenderness and pain, unusual tiredness, urinating less than normal, weakness with fever and dark colored urine. Some less serious side effects include upset stomach, gas, heartburn, dizziness, bloating or mild headache.