Risperidone, used with the brand name Risperdal Consta, is known as an antipsychotic medication which works by changing the effects of chemicals in the human brain.
The drug was formed by Janssen-Cilag, subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson, and was released first in the year of 1994, and was approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1993 for treating the condition of schizophrenia.
This medicine should not be used if you are allergic to any of its ingredients.
This medication must be stored at room temperature away from moisture, light, and heat. You must not allow the liquid form of Risperidone to freeze.
It is a medicine which is available as an oral tablet as well as an oral solution. Several years ago, Risperidone was given off-label to patients facing dementia. However, there was a rise in the death rate and currently it is warned that this medicine is not allowed to be used for treating such patients.
What is Risperidone used for?
Risperidone is an antipsychotic drug which is mainly used to treat varying conditions of schizophrenia, the manic states affiliated with bipolar disorders, and irritability due to autism. This medicine is also used for treating behavioural problems such as aggression, self-injury, and abrupt mood changes.
In autism, however, it does not improve conversational or social skills, and does not decrease obsessive behaviour in most of the people experiencing autism.Risperidone can also help prevent relapses of schizophrenia.
It reduces behaviour problems in elderly people with dementia as well as other behaviour problems. Also, it is used in cases of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and psychotic depression (depression with psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations or delusions).
What are the common side effects of Risperidone?
Side effects of Risperidone include weight gain and metabolic problems. Risperidone also increases the risk of death in patients with dementia.
It may cause allergic reactions with symptoms like hives, difficulty whilst breathing, and face, throat and tongue swelling.
Other harmful side effects of using Risperidone include instances of fever, muscle stiffness, states of confusion, sweating, irregular or fast heartbeats, and uncontrolled shaking, seizures, body pains and flu.
More Common side effects entail cases of constipation, diarrhoea, extreme drowsiness, dryness in the mouth, severe headache, coughing, longer sleeping durations, heartburns, nausea, soreness in throat, discomfort due to stuffy nose, abnormal tiredness and weakness, gain in weight, absence of menstrual periods, increase in appetite, and sexual problems in both men and women.
Some less common side effects are outlines by darkening of skin, elevated sensitivity of the skin to sunlight, increased watering of mouth, joint pains, stomach pains, vomiting and loss in weight.
Furthermore, Risperidone may lead to Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS). This is a serious life threatening side effect which includes symptoms of fever, rapid heartbeat, fast breathing, unusual blood pressure, sweating, and a change in mental states.
What are the side effects of Risperidone on children?
Even though this medication is not approved to be taken by children who have schizophrenia or certain bipolar disorders, it is approved to be used for children in order to cure cases of irritability affiliated with autism present in children of ages between five to sixteen years old.
Risperidone is indicated for treating schizophrenia, several bipolar disorders and irritability in autistic children aged 5 and over, not for children below the age of 5 years.
What are the side effects of Risperidone on men?
Side effects experienced by men include increased breast volume. Furthermore, impotence may result alongside failure of ejaculation and continuous and persistent erection.
Risperdal can lower mental alertness in men while at work. This can bring about negative effects on a man’s everyday work. Risperdal may increase a patient’s sensitivity to sunlight, hence making it difficult for men to be comfortable outdoors.
What are the side effects of Risperidone on women?
Women experience loss of menstrual period as well as reduced fertility.
There is a slight chance that Risperidone can cause Tardative Dyskenia, a disease whose symptoms entail worm-like tongue movements or other different uncontrolled tongue, cheeks, arms, jaw and leg movements.
What are the side effects of Risperidone on pregnant women?
The safety of this medicine during pregnancy has not been established. Its use should be avoided in pregnancy, particularly during the first and third trimesters, unless its intake considered important by your doctor. If the medicine is used during the third trimester it could cause side effects or withdrawal symptoms in the baby after birth has taken place and the baby may need extra monitoring due to this. It is essential for you to seek further medical advice from your doctor.
In case you become pregnant while taking this medicine, it is extremely important to consult your doctor immediately for advice. You must not abruptly cease the intake of this medicine unless your doctor tells you to, as this could cause your symptoms to come back.
You must inform your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medication. Using this medicine during the last three pregnancy months might trigger the occurrence of problems in the newborn. These could highlight breathing problems as well as feeding problems, tremors, and stiff muscles. However, pregnant mothers might have to face withdrawal symptoms or other similar problems once they cease the intake of this medicine during pregnancy. If you find out that you are pregnant while you are using Risperidone, you must not stop using it without the consultation of your healthcare provider or your doctor.
Additionally, Risperidone can be secreted into breast milk and might cause harm to a nursing baby. You should avoid breast-feeding while taking Risperidone. You should not use this medication without discussing with your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
What are the side effects of Risperidone on elderly?
Recent findings suggest administration of Risperidone to elderly patients experiencing dementia has little benefit, and increases the likelihood of early death by stroke, heart attack or pneumonia.
This medicine must be used with caution in elderly people, especially those with Alzheimer’s dementia who are also being treated with other strong diuretics. It is important that dehydration is avoided in these people.
Risperidone should not be used in elderly patients who suffer from dementia because it could possibly kill them.