Tegretol (carbamazepine) is known as an anticonvulsant medication which is commonly used in treating seizures in patients suffering with epilepsy. Even though epilepsy is the only FDA approved drug, Tegretol is also used in treating bipolar disorder as well as many pain syndromes. This drug levels out the lows and highs in mood related to bipolar disorder. It is recommended to heal acute mania if lithium as well as valproate is tolerated poorly. There are instances, that Tegretol is used together with other mood stabilizers such as valproate or lithium.
A mania or manic episode, is a condition where an individual experiences symptoms like very high self esteem, pressure to continue talking, high or irritate mood, most of the time involved in activities having a higher risk of bad situations, racing thoughts, and being easily distracted. This medication affects the manner nerves communicate with each other and is utilized to treat various diseases.
What is Tegretol used for?
Tegretol is a used in treating a particular type of seizures, like those experienced by individuals with epilepsy. It also can help in decreasing pain due to nerve disorders like diabetic neuropathy. This medicine is used in treating bipolar disorder. It can be utilized particularly during manic episodes or as a way to depressive cycles or manage manic. Tegretol is likewise very helpful in improving symptoms of restless legs syndrome. This drug is also very effective in a movement disorder in children which results in jerking their limbs unpredictably and uncontrollably.
Don’t take this drug without a doctor’s prescription. Taking this medicine together with other drugs might result in serious side effects or even death. This drug is normally taken by mouth with meals or as prescribed by your physician. The dosage will depend on the reason why you are taking the drug and your medical condition. Your physician will slowly increase the dose.
Common Tegretol side effects?
Some of the common side effects of Tegretol include sedation, dry mouth, rash, dizziness, constipation and upset stomach. Some of the less commonsigns of serious side effects include tremor, stomach pain, indigestion, difficulty walking, abnormal vision, memory difficulties, fatigue, weight gain and difficulty in walking. The medicine can also cause a decrease in sodium level of the body, particularly at higher doses. Even though low sodium level does not cause noticeable symptoms, some indications that you have low sodium include drowsiness, confusion, nausea or impaired consciousness.
Those who are taking Tegretol might experience mild rash in around 10-15%. In rare instances a spreading, severe rash with blistering of the skin in groups over the whole body with fever, cough and headache may occur or popularly called Stevens-Johnson Syndrome. Even though it is rare with Tegretol, stopping of medication is important. Contact your healthcare provider if you are encountering these side effects particularly if you develop skin rashes, shortness of breath or swelling.
Tegretol Side Effects on Children?
Children may experience several side effects and this might worsen the situation, thus a correct diagnosis is needed. Children’s bodies can absorb Tegretol quicker as compared to grown up bodies, larger amount is not required for teenagers since their bodies absorb the drug faster, the side effects such as sleepiness, double vision, dizziness could be a familiar concern for children. Parents and doctors should monitor the child’s condition if in case a side effect will occur. These concerns can actually interfere with the development and school performance.
There are children that might experience drowsiness, vomiting, and stomach ache since these symptoms might disappear by lowering the dose. Severe symptoms such as slurred speech, staggering and drowsiness could be counted with the high level of Tegretol. The starting dose is 100mg for children below 12 years and could be increased slowly by a small amount to the maximum of 1000mg and the dosage can also be lowered if needed. If in case the doctor has recommended aside from the above mentioned, don’t change it right away. If in case you miss a dose, they should not take another dose the next day, but rather you must continue with your daily schedule to prevent any side effects in children.
Tegretol Side Effects on Men?
Men likewise experience some side effects when taking Tegretol. Some of the affected areas are the digestive system and the nervous system. The most common side effects in men involving the nervous system are weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, drowsiness, impaired balance when walking or standing, headache and double vision. When it involves the digestive system it includes vomiting, dry mouth and nausea. Other side effects include edema, weight gain, and water retention. These side effects are evident in the early stage of treatment particularly when taking it in large doses. Normally, it disappears instantly or after reducing the dose temporarily and sometimes discontinuing the use of medication.
Men taking the medicine might experience urticaria. Erythroderma is also possible, skin itches, exfoliative dermatitis and lupus-like syndrome may also occur. Some rare side effects include Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis. A mental disorder like poor appetite, anxiety and agitation may also occur.
Tegretol Side Effects on Women?
The majority of medications will cause side effects. These are the unwanted response of the body to medication if taken in normal doses. It could be categorized as mild, permanent or temporary. Not all may experience these side effects. Women may experience side effects that only they can encounter it. Some of these side effects are may disappear once your body becomes used to it. Most of the adverse effects are manageable so you don’t have to worry. However if in case these reactions become severe and bothersome, it is best to contact your doctor right away. Some of the side effects are as follows:
- Loss of appetite
- Increased in weight
- Dryness of throat or mouth
- Unsteadiness or clumsiness
- Nausea or vomiting
- Sexual problems
- Increased sensitivity of skin to sunlight
The above-mentioned side effects may disappear after several days of taking the drug. However if in case the symptoms persist make sure that you inform your doctor at once.
Tegretol Side Effects on Pregnant Women?
If you are thinking of getting pregnant, inform your doctor so that he can adjust your medications. Individuals with bipolar disorder who wants to become pregnant may require to make an important decisions regarding the benefits and dangers of the drugs since they relate to the fetus and to the illness. This is an important decision since the untreated bipolar disorder is dangerous to the fetus and the mother as well.
There are several dimensions in these options so make sure that you confer with your caregivers and doctor. For instance, a pregnant women may require to take Tegretol during the first 3 months of pregnancy and might cause defects in the head and face, and developmental delay. The danger of birth defects is increased if Tegretol is taken in combination with other drugs since the level of the toxic metabolites may increase. To be able to reduce the risk, if possible avoid taking Tegretol during the first 3 months. It might also cause vit. K deficiency in the baby, that will increase the risk of bleeding. If in case Tegretol is used in pregnancy, monitoring of fetal serum levels is suggested and a vit.K supplement is needed.
Tegretol Side Effects on Elderly?
Talk to your doctor right away if symptoms like fever, skin rash, bruising, sore throat, mouth ulcers, and bleeding occurs while under medications. Elderly individuals may experience the following undesirable effects and in case the dosage is a bit high the following reactions might be felt dizziness, tiredness, headache, blurred vision, lack of coordination, and double vision. Nausea and vomiting are also possible. Some skin reactions might also take place like skin rashes.
Other side effects include decrease of platelets or white blood cells, or increase of a type of cell in the blood. Increase particular enzymes in the liver, low sodium in the blood, fluid retention and weight increase. If in case you experience these side effects it is best that you talk to your doctor at once. There are several various side effects that are uncommon, thus if you think that you have a side effect contact your doctor.